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Nessebar
Nessebar is one of the oldest towns in Europe, as well as the richest in architectural monuments from the era of medieval Bulgaria. The old part of the town is situated on a peninsula, which used to be double in territory, but now is 850 m long and 350 m wide, connected to the land by a neck of land which is 400 m long.

History

The beginning of Nessebar was a Thracian fishermen village, called Menabria, which in Thracian means “the town of Mena” (the founder of the village). In the VI century B.C. it became a colony of Magarians from ancient Greece, migrating from Byzantion and Kalchedon.

It has remained the only Dorian colony on the sea coast, because the rest of them are typically Ionian. The Greek called it Mesambria and it became a big and well-embattled city-country with natural protection from the sea and the land. Water piping and canalization, amphitheater and many cultural buildings were built, the most prominent among them – the Apollo temple.


Starý Nesebar v noci Poloostrov Nesebar Kostel sv. Michala a Gabriela Pozůstatky kostela Stará Metropole Interier kostela sv. Spase


In the year 72 B.C. the town became a part of the Roman Empire. It became a Bulgarian town for the first time in the year 705, during the reign of khan Tervel, and then again during the reign of khan Krum. The town flourished during the reign of tzar Ivan Alexander. In 1453 it fell under the rule of the Ottoman Empire, together with the capital Constantinople and it decayed. When the Liberation came, it was a small and ruinous fishermen village with well-developed winery. In Nessebar are preserved precious monuments of all eras of its existence. The biggest pride of the town are the about 60 houses from the era of the Bulgarian Renaissance, which give to the town a unique look and a romantic atmosphere, and the more than 40 churches. 23 of the temples were found during excavations and are now restored, but the only one working now is one church, while some are turned into museums and picture galleries. In the archeological museum “Old Nessebar” there is a rich variety of expositions from Ancient times, the Middle ages and the Bulgarian Renaissance.

Because of its unique gifts of nature and well preserved historical monuments from different historical periods, at the Seventh session of the Committee of the World Heritage in Florence in 1983, Old Nessebar became the only Bulgarian town, included in the list of the World Cultural Heritage of UNESCO.


Průvlak spojující Starý a Nový Nesebar Dům z obrozeneckého období Noční Nesebar